GMAT® Structure of Test

What are the sections, scores, select section order and more

Question: What is the structure of the GMAT Exam? What is the duration of each section? What is the total duration of the test? How is each section scored? How is the overall score computed?

Watch this 14-minute video. Covers all relevant facts about the GMAT.

GMAT Exam Structure

Sections in the GMAT Exam

Section Number of Questions Duration Score Range
AWA - Essay 1 essay. Analysis of an argument 30 minutes 0 to 6 in increments of 0.5
Integrated Reasoning 12 Multiple choice questions 30 minutes 1 to 8 in increments of 1
Quantitative Reasoning 37 Multiple choice questions 75 minutes 0 to 60 in increments of 1
Verbal Reasoning 41 Multiple choice questions 75 minutes 0 to 60 in increments of 1

Analytical Writing Assessment

Duration: 30 minutes

Task: Write an essay critiquing an argument.

Score: 0 to 6 in increments of 0.5

You will be presented with an argument, usually 40 to 50 words in length. Your task is to identify the fallacy(ies) in the argument and type your response in an editor akin to notepad.

A score of 5 or more is considered good.

A typical student will require 15 hours of preparation to get a score of 5 or more in this section.

Integrated Reasoning

Duration: 30 minutes

Number of questions: 12 multiple choice questions

Score: 1 to 8 in increments of 1.

Four types of questions appear in this section

  1. Graphic Interpretation
  2. Table Analysis
  3. Two Part Analysis
  4. Multi Source Reasoning

A score of 6 or more is considered good.

A typical student will require 25 hours of preparation to get a score of 6 or more in this section.

Quantitative Reasoning

Duration: 75 minutes

Number of questions: 37 multiple choice questions

Score: 0 to 60 in increments of 1. Maximum possible score: 51

Type of questions: Problem Solving and Data Sufficiency.

Two-thirds of the questions are problem solving questions and the remaining are data sufficiency questions.

Syllabus: High school math. Includes arithmetic, algebra and geometry.

This section is a computer adaptive section. Your response to a question determines the level of difficulty of the next question. For instance, if you get question 1 correct, the next question shown to you will be more difficult. Conversely, if your response to question 1 is incorrect, the next question will be an easier one. The catch: getting tougher questions right fetches more points.

Any score upwards of 49 is considered good. A score of 50 or 51 is what you should strive for. A typical student will require 100 to 125 hours of dedicated preparation to get a score of 49 or more in this section.

Preparation Resources

Free Resources: Wizako's Free Practice Questions for all topics tested in the GMAT Quant. 150 plus questions. Access GMAT practice questions here.

Online Course: Comprehensive Online Course with videos, slide decks, check point quizzes, chapter tests and hard math questions in 20 topics. Includes data sufficiency and full length quant section tests. Try the first topic free.

Verbal Reasoning

Duration: 75 minutes

Number of questions: 41 multiple choice questions

Score: 0 to 60 in increments of 1. Maximum possible score: 51

Type of questions: Sentence Correction, Reading Comprehension, and Critical Reasoning.

The distribution of questions across the 3 variants is almost equal.

This section is also a computer adaptive section.

Any score upwards of 38 is considered good. A score of 40 and above is what you should strive for. A typical student will require 150 to 175 hours of dedicated preparation to get a score of 40 or more in this section. Familiarity with American usage will be a plus.

Free Preparation Resources

Sentence Correction: Wizako's Free Practice Questions for Sentence Correction. 15 questions with detailed explanation. Access GMAT SC practice questions here.

Critical Reasoning: Wizako's Free Practice Questions for Critical Reasoning. 15 questions with detailed explanation.. Access GMAT CR Practice questions here.

OverallScore

What constitutes the overall GMAT score?

The overall score in the GMAT is computed using what you have scored in the GMAT Quant section and the GMAT Verbal section. IR and AWA scores are not considered while computing the overall score.

Score Range

The overall GMAT score is computed on a scale of 200 to 800 in increments of 10 points.

Competitive and great score

For most Indian / Asian test takers a score of 680 or more is competitive.

A score upwards of 740 is a GREAT SCORE. If the rest of your resume meets the hygiene criteria, you are likely to get some form of tuition fee waivers / scholarship with that score from quite a few B Schools in the USA.

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